The law provides resources for trafficking prevention education for children; shelter, therapies, and reintegration assistance for trafficking survivors; the facilitation of trafficking-free supply chains in the United States; training of government officials as well as airline industry employees to identify trafficking cases; and oversight to ensure that government purchases are not employing traffickers.
The bulk of the allocations will go to the State Department to fund their educational and diplomatic efforts against trafficking.
The International Megan’s Law, which was named in memory of Megan Kanka, a 7-year-old who was murdered in 1994 by a convicted pedophile, establishes country-to-country notification about convicted pedophiles who may be traveling to an area for the purposes of sex trafficking or child exploitation.
A recent United Nation Office of Drugs and Crime report found that there has been an increase in the number of trafficking victims, particularly girls, over the last decade.
In 2016, the most recent year statistics were available, 23 percent of all detected trafficking victims around the world were girls under the age of 18.
In 2004, the first year statistics were made available, only 10 percent of trafficking victims were girls.
Boys under the age of 18 accounted for eight percent of detected trafficking victims.
The UNODC found that 94 percent of sex trafficking victims were female.
Males accounted for 65 percent of labor trafficking victims.
Vulnerable populations, such as Syrian and Rohingya refugees, are at an increased risk of being preyed upon by human traffickers.